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discussion paper

Measuring trade integration in Africa

In the Malabo Declaration of June 2014, African countries committed to tripling the level of intra-African agricultural trade and services by 2025, fast-tracking the establishment of a Continental Free Trade Area, and adopting a continentwide common…

discussion paper

Health insurance, a friend in need? Evidence from financial and health diaries in Kenya

Health insurance can protect consumption from health shocks, but it can also crowd out informal transfers. This paper examines whether health insurance improves consumption smoothing in the face of health shocks, and to what extent results depend on…

discussion paper

Gender, climate change, and resilient food systems: Lessons from strategic adaptation by smallholder farmers in Cameroon

Climate change has major impacts on the food security and livelihoods of smallholder farmers in Africa south of the Sahara. Vulnerable to the vagaries of weather and to being chronically poor, women farmers are unequally and more negatively affected…

discussion paper

Cash transfers and management advice for agriculture: Evidence from Senegal

This study analyzes impacts of large, one-time cash transfers and farm management plans among farmers in Senegal. Farmers were randomized into groups receiving advisory visits, the visits and an individualized farm plan, or the visits, the plan, and a…

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